The Covid-19 pandemic is real and its effects will be long lasting; leaving no community, no family and no individual untouched by its impact.
We’re often told that we’re all in this together—but our experience of Covid-19 is not the same. The stark evidence of inequalities that exist within our system has never been clearer. Communities made vulnerable by systemic failures and discrimination face higher barriers and challenges to accessing healthcare and essential services. If there was ever a moment to pause, listen and demand justice and dignity for all, it’s now.
Mara Keisling, Executive Director for The National Center for Transgender Equality, shares her insight on being trans in Covid-19. To learn more about Mara and the work of the National Center for Transgender Equality, follow @transequalitynow.
Being Trans in Covid-19: Marginalizing the marginalized
Transgender people in the United States have advanced our visibility and acceptance as fast as any group in history. And our rights—at least under the law—have progressed just as quickly. Yet there is no illusion that we have attained final victory or that we are not still being battered by society, by our government and, too often still, by our families. Even with our advancement, we still experience rates of unemployment, homelessness and healthcare discrimination at crisis levels.
The Covid-19 pandemic has exacerbated this crisis for many trans and gender non-conforming people. And we know that the benefits and the harms are not shared evenly across all trans people, with trans people of color and lower-income folks facing the brunt. There are some themes that ring through lots of trans communities. The same forces that cause the disrespect, discrimination and violence so many of us face make this crisis especially acute for many trans people. These forces—stigmatization, marginalization and criminalization—run clearly through all of the increased pain we face in this pandemic.
Of course, trans people have always been stigmatized in modern society. We are called “troubled,” “confused,” “ill,” “dangerous” and “disposable.” This gives license to those who hate us to mistreat us, permission to fire us, to deny us healthcare and even to banish us from our homes and families. The effects of this mistreatment and hatred are currently felt painfully by kids, teenagers and even adults who are now forced to shelter with family or others who don’t accept or nurture them and may degrade, disrespect or even physically hurt them.
The stigmatization also enables the marginalization that infuses each opportunity and reality of every trans person. Our US Trans Survey has shown that trans people face marginalization in the form of discrimination throughout all aspects of society. We are marginalized in education and employment. The survey showed we are more than two and a half times more likely to be living in poverty. And like other marginalized groups of people in the United States, this comes with less or no access to healthcare.
The marginalization and stigmatization also amplify other challenges we face in the current health and economic crises. According to the last US Trans Survey, we are more likely to be homeless, so we are at far greater risk to the virus than others. We are more likely to earn an income in sex work. And like all sex workers, trans sex workers in many parts of the industry are more vulnerable to the disease and the economic realities of social distancing.
Though our organization and movement are solidly committed to sex work decriminalization and progress has been growing slowly, the ongoing criminalization of sex work always has inexcusably harmful effects on good people just trying to get by. It is even more damaging during this crisis when incarcerated people of all kinds are too often shockingly vulnerable and unprotected from the virus. Because of the stigmatization and marginalization felt by many trans people, our data shows that we are disproportionately represented in jails, prisons and immigration detention centers where our health and lives are carelessly or ruthlessly exposed.
All of that is what society and people do to us. That is not what defines trans or gender non-conforming people, though. We are not only stigmatized, marginalized and criminalized. We are also resilient community builders and generally extraordinary. The resilience in particular is shining in full measure during this crisis, with people who have gone through so much trudging, often limping, through more. And the communities that we have built over the past decades are now supporting themselves and each other. That is extraordinary. Trans people are extraordinary.
#ProtectTransHealth Mara Keisling Executive Director, The National Center for Transgender Equality @transequalitynow
Hear their stories, support and take action. Show your support at transequality.org
This article is part of a series on Covid-19 in communities disproportionately impacted by the pandemic. Explore the rest of the stories here.