Fair Trade Cocoa Butter from Colombia

In spite of political turmoil, one community is committed to peace
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Words: Juliet Chard
Words: Juliet Chard

Murders, disappearances and multiple forced displacements. For many of us, these are not part of our day-to-day reality. But for Jesús Emilio and Arley Tuberquía, two representatives from the internal council of the Colombian Peace Community of San José de Apartadó in North West Colombia, these are a regular occurrence.

The Community is one of our most extraordinary suppliers; in spite of the ongoing conflict in the area, they continue to live peacefully and grow and harvest cocoa beans that are used in Lush products like the Peace Massage Bar and Charity Pot Hand and Body Lotion.

Jesús Emilio and Arley’s visit to the UK was organized with support from the human rights organization, Peace Brigade International. PBI has been working with the Community since their foundation in 1997, with the aim of keeping the eyes of the world on the dangerous human rights situation in Colombia. They regularly send volunteer observers into the field to show solidarity, and these international observers are able to bear witness to the threats the Community faces. This international presence is also a form of protection.

“Without this, we would have been massacred,” explains Jesús Emilio. Lush has played a significant role, too. “Lush has accompanied us on the recent pilgrimages that we have made to different settlements within the Community, where there has been an enormous paramilitary repression,” says Jésus Emilio. “We feel that Lush has joined our daily struggle.”

Giving peace a chance

The Peace Community was founded against a backdrop of violence and intimidation by the army, leftist guerilla fighters and right-wing paramilitary groups. A group of around 2,100 farmers pledged themselves to non-violence; all they ask is that those around them respect their right to peace and non-involvement in the conflict under international human rights law. The Community also abides by a number of shared rules: not taking up arms; not associating with or supporting armed groups; equal rights for everyone; and not carrying any drugs or alcohol.

The conflict in Colombia goes back six decades, and has roots in social and economic structural inequality. “In Colombia there is no right to land tenure, there is practically no right to be a home-owner, no right to education, to free healthcare, or any kind of decent healthcare. Education is also very bad,” explains Jésus Emilio. “At the Peace Community we try to ensure that every family has a house, has right to land, to somewhere they can grow crops to feed themselves. Our objective is to create a different world, a different way of living, with love for children, adults and old people.”

Perversely, in exempting themselves from conflict, the Community has become a target for those seeking control of their land. They have lost 261 members – men, women and children – as a result. The murders, disappearances and multiple forced displacements have so far remained unaddressed and unacknowledged by the Colombian government, yet community leaders like Jesús Emilio and Arley continue to demand justice internationally.

“The paramilitaries are still acting, ever more openly, supported by different State institutions, especially the police and army,” explains Jesús Emilio. “On November 18, 2013, the paramilitaries stormed one of the Community settlements, called Arenas Altas, and they took six people, five of whom were adolescents. This is linked to the forced disappearance of the young farmer Buenaventura Hoyos on August 31– whose whereabouts are still unknown. The situation is critical.”

In November 2013, Lush travelled to see the Community's cacao

A farmer handles cocoa beans in a sack

Fair Trading

In spite of this huge instability, the Community has remained firmly committed to peace and they exist in harmony with their surroundings. They cultivate a variety of crops to eat and sell including bananas, avocados, corn, rice, beans, plantains and, of course, cocoa beans.

At their ecological research center and Farmer’s University, the Community has developed ways of growing which incorporate permaculture techniques, such as mixed planting and composting, so they don’t need to buy pesticides and fertilizers. They also aim to be energetically autonomous, and are developing new strategies constantly, such as biogas and solar panels. Lush is the main buyer of the Community’s cacao, which we ship to Europe to be processed into cocoa butter and powder. We bought our first 25-ton shipment of cocoa beans in 2010, and then supported the Community’s application to become certified Fairtrade and Organic producers.

Jésus Emilio says: “The relationship with Lush arrived at a point when the Community was losing hope in the idea of exporting our products. Lush gave us hope again – and the close relationship between us has been amazing at an emotional level.” Over the last three years, Lush has worked with the Community to improve their ability to dry, store and export the beans. Arley explains: “Lush collects the cacao directly from our storage, and that allows us a lot more security. In the past we were robbed but now that we have strengthened our production process we don’t face such risks as before.”

Celebrating 17 Years of Peace

On March 23, 2014 the Community gathered to celebrate their 17th anniversary. “For the Community, the anniversary is a great moment, a very deep and spiritual moment,” explains Jésus Emilio. “It is a special time because people from all the settlements that make up the Community, as well as other friends and allies, come to commemorate the occasion. Together, we remember all the years we have had, and look forward to the challenges that we must face.” We hope through collaborating with PBI and sharing the experiences of Jésus Emilio and Arley we can help to spread their inspirational message of peace."

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